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3 edition of The effects of warm-up on isokinetic muscle testing found in the catalog.

The effects of warm-up on isokinetic muscle testing

The effects of warm-up on isokinetic muscle testing

  • 338 Want to read
  • 20 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English

  • Muscle strength -- Measurement,
  • Knee,
  • Joints -- Range of motion,
  • Exercise -- Physiological aspects

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Robert S. Axtell III
    The Physical Object
    Paginationvii, 68 leaves
    Number of Pages68
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17919691M

    preperformance warm-up routines are commonly promoted and are specifically designed to prepare an individual for high-intensity physical activity and reduce the risk of injury (9, 56).The routines typically include cardiovascular work, stretching, and strong muscular contractions (with progressing intensity), which promote increased peripheral blood flow to the working muscle, elevated Cited by:   Resistance training (RT) enhances muscle protein synthesis and hypertrophy while increasing strength and power. Some multi-ingredient performance supplements (MIPS) have been shown to augment the physiological improvements associated with RT. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of specific pre- and post-workout MIPS on anabolic hormones, body Cited by:

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The effects of warm-up on isokinetic muscle testing Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. The effects of warm-up on isokinetic muscle testing. [Robert S Axtell]. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of warm-up protocols using either whole-body vibration (WBV) or cycle ergometry (CE) on peak torque at 3 different isokinetic speeds and on.

The control group directly underwent isokinetic muscle testing without warm-up, while the warm-up group started power walking at a strength of 40–60% of the predicted maximum heart rate, performed light running for 10 minutes, and then underwent isokinetic muscle testing.

The warm-up with stretching group performed light running for 5 minutes Cited by: 4. Further examination of isokinetic testing protocols revealed that the warm-up velocities used in the literature range from 30 to °.s -1, 2,[9][10][11][12][13][14][15] [16] and in many cases.

Therefore, isokinetic testing offers significant clinical controls, such as: isolate particular muscle groups, determined contraction types and range of motion, and accommodated resistance.

As mentioned before, the bottom line is a set lever arm speed measuring muscular output by theFile Size: KB. Effects of two warm-up programs on balance and isokinetic strength in male high school soccer players. J Strength Cond Res 31(2):One of the most common warm-up programs used to prevent injury in soccer, FIFA11+, integrates aerobic, strength, and by: 4.

Each muscle group was stretched 5 times for 30 s alternately for 5 min. Following the warm-up, the participants were positioned in an isokinetic dynamometer with hip angle of °.

The trunk, pelvis and thigh were stabilised using straps, in accordance with the Cited by:   Before the start of the strength testing, a 5-minute warm-up was performed on a stationary cycle ergometer at a low rate (≈50 rpm) and low work load (1 kilopond). The sequence of strength testing was standardized for all participants: first, concentric torque at 90° s −1, followed by isometric torque at 0° s −1 (5 s hold, knee Cited by: warm-up bout and test.

Instructions were always given to push as hard and fast as possible through the full range of motion in both directions. Sub- jects kept their arms folded across their chests during all testing.

No encouragement was given during the actual bouts of data collection. The actual testing at both speeds consisted. clear which position is the best choice for testing supraspinatus muscle strength.

The purposes of this study were to investigate the effects of a week weighted- and unweighted-jump-rope training program on shoulder isokinetic. Testing occurred on six different days, each separated by 48 h, for each group and consisted of a standardized cardiovascular and isokinetic warm-up followed by peak torque data collection across five maximal efforts at each by: Effect of protocol and assessment device on isokinetic peak torque of the quadriceps muscle group.

Isokinetics and Exercise Science, 5, ***Note: Figures may be missing from this format of the document Abstract: Various devices and test protocols have been used during isokinetic assessment of human muscle by: 5.

Isokinetic Exercise and Assessment not only presents a scientific basis for the use of isokinetics, it also provides practical guidelines for applying isokinetics in clinical practice. This approach, plus the book's extensive normative value tables, makes it an excellent textbook and reference for students and practitioners of athletic training Pages: The first visit was a practice/habituation session to the isokinetic testing procedure and stretching exercises, and the following three visits were the experimental sessions.

During each experimental session, participants began by completing a 5 min standardized warm-up (cycling at 90 W for men and 60 W for women at 60–70 rpm).Cited by: 7. joint specific warm-up procedures were followed and consisted of 5 submaximal repetitions and 3 maximal repetitions utilizing actual testing movements and speeds.

After the specific joint movement and speed warm-up, data collection began following at least 2 minutes of Size: KB. Test-retest reliability of lower limb isokinetic endurance in COPD: a comparison of angular velocities Fernanda Ribeiro,* Pierre-Alexis Lépine,* Corine Garceau-Bolduc, Valérie Coats, Étienne Allard, François Maltais, Didier Saey Centre de recherche de l’Institut Universitaire de cardiologie et de pneumologie de Québec, Université Laval, Québec, Canada *These authors contributed.

The Effects of Multiple-Joint Isokinetic Resistance Training on Maximal Isokinetic and Dynamic Muscle Strength and Local Muscular Endurance Nicholas A. Ratamess 1, Noah A. Beller 1, Adam M. Gonzalez 2, Gregory E. Spatz 1, Jay R. Hoffman 2, Ryan E.

Ross 1, Avery D. Faigenbaum 1, Jie Kang 1Cited by: 6. 1. Introduction. The main component in a traditional warm-up is submaximal aerobic running, which is used to increase the body temperature approximately 1–2 ∘ C.

Another essential component in a warm-up is static stretching (SS) [].Pre-exercise SS is widely believed to reduce the risk of injury and enhance performance [].However, recent studies reported that pre-exercise SS Author: Mahmut Alp, Fatih Çatikkaş, Cem Kurt.

der and age, and to determine the best predictors of strength for each of three testing speeds. Methods: A total of children were tested for isokinetic knee strength according to our protocol on Biodex System II and III isokinetic dynamometers.

Therapists participating in the study were trained on the protocol and inter-rater reliability was established. Both dominant and nondominant legs. Athletics, warm-up procedure, effects of stretching during, 19(1) Back extensor muscle, isokinetic and isometric peak torque testing, CSM, l9(l) injury education program to prevent in workplace, CSM, 19(1) prevention of, educational program for children, 19(2) pain, chronic, depression and, abstract, 19(2) Isokinetic muscle actions have been traditionally used in rehabilitation and testing scenarios.

Several studies have examined the effects of isokinetic training on strength and/or muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) [1,2,4,5] and isokinetic training allows development of maximum tension throughout the range of Cited by: 2.

r and age, and to determine the best predictors of strength for each of three testing speeds. Methods: A total of children were tested for isokinetic knee strength according to our protocol on Biodex System II and III isokinetic dynamometers.

Therapists participating in the study were trained on the protocol and inter-rater reliability was established. Both dominant and nondominant legs. Short-Term Isokinetic Training Versus Isotonic Training: Effects on Asymmetry in Strength of Thigh Muscles by Dragana Golik-Peric1, Miodrag Drapsin2, Borislav Obradovic3, Patrik Drid3 The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of two training protocols on the isokinetic performance of Size: KB.

isokinetic manner. Isokinetic muscle testing is per-formed with a constant speed of angular motion but variable resistance. Isokinetic dynamometers have been shown to pro-duce relatively reliable strength data when testing simple uni-axial joints, such as the knee, and when testing the spine or knee in flexion and extension.

Isokinetic. This study was designed to examine and compare the acute effects of three different stretching protocols on muscle power performance during a dynamic activity. A repeated measurements design was followed, where the effects of different types.

Principles of Isokinetic Testing and Exercise. Patient Education, Familiarization, and Warm-Up. Body Position, Stabilization, and Joint Alignment.

Gravity Correction. The "Overshoot" Phenomenon. Factors Confounding Accurate Isokinetic Assessment. Test Protocols. Selection of Test Protocol. Effects of Isokinetic Exercise.

Velocity. The cachexia-anorexia syndrome impacts on patients' physical independence and quality of life. New treatments are required and need to be evaluated using acceptable and reliable outcome measures, e.g.

the assessment of muscle function. The aims of this study were to: (i) examine the acceptability and reliability of the Cybex NORM dynamometer to assess muscle function in people Cited by: [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to clarify the influence of static stretching at warm-up on the isokinetic muscle torque (at 60°/sec) and muscle power (at °/sec) of the flexor muscle and extensor muscle of the knee joint.

[Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this study were 10 healthy students with no medically specific by: 4. Therefore, including static stretches in a warm-up routine prior to muscular strength testing may be permissible, as long as the total stretch duration is not excessive (four sets of exercises for each muscle group with seconds stretch duration is recommended) and that the exercises are performed consistently during subsequent testing.

Muscle strength imbalances around the knee are often observed in athletes after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery and hamstring muscle injury. This study examined three hamstrings-to-quadriceps (H:Q) strength ratio types (conventional, functional, and mixed) in thirteen female athletes with a history of hamstring injury, fourteen basketball players following ACL reconstruction and 34 Author: Eleftherios Kellis, Nikiforos Galanis, Nikolaos Kofotolis.

However, it should be considered that this kind of testing is not specific to a certain mus it evaluates the performance of a muscle group in a determined movement.

Lombardi et al. 30 assessed the effects of progressive resistance training on pain, function, quality of life and muscle strength in subjects with SIS. Isometric testing, free-weight testing, isokinetic testing, and variable resistance testing.

How do isometric tests measure muscular strength. Increasing blood flow to visceral organs is a rationale for a pre-exercise warm-up. False (Free weight / machine weight) is generally is lower in cost Muscle soreness caused by tissue injury from.

Isokinetic strength testing does not predict hamstring injury in Australian Rules footballers K Bennell, H Wajswelner, P Lew, A Schall-Riaucour, S Leslie, D Plant, J Cirone Abstract Objective—To determine the relation of hamstring and quadriceps muscle strength and imbalance to hamstring injury using a prospective observational cohort study.

performed a warm-up for two sets of 10 reps at % of body weight with 3-min intervals between sets. Three minutes after the warm-up, the load was increased and the participant was instructed to perform a complete repetition.

If the repetition was completed successfully, the load was increased by 4 to 20 kilograms and, after a 5-File Size: KB. THE EFFECTS OF A SIX WEEK ECCENTRIC EXERCISE PROGRAM ON KNEE PAIN, KNEE FUNCTION, QUADRICEPS FEMORIS AND HAMSTRING self-ratings of knee function, measures of isokinetic and isometric quadriceps femoris and hamstring muscle strength, and daily activity consisted of a warm-up, stretching of the quadriceps femoris and hamstrings.

Isokinetic muscle training: background - Exercise is a planned, structured and repetitive physical activity. Exercise not only conditions the body, but it also improves health, maintains fitness and helps rehabilitate injured parts of the body. Exercise includes cardiovascular activities like running or walking as well as weight training.

All workouts should begin with a warm-up routine and. Acute Effects of Static and Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation Stretching on Muscle Strength and Power Output. J Athl Train., 40(2), Mayorga-Vega, D., Merino-Marban, R., Garrido, F.J., & Viciana J.

Comparison between warm-up and cool-down stretching programs on hamstring extensibility gains in primary schoolchildren. Proper training and balanced strengthening are key factors in prevention of musculotendinous injuries as well.

Warm-up and stretching are essential to preventing muscle injuries by increasing the elasticity of muscles and smoothing muscular contractions. Improper or excessive stretching and warming up can, however, predispose to muscle by: Although, isometric testing is shown to be a reliable and valid method [22,23], isokinetic testing is more representative of muscle action during dynamic tasks of daily life.

Despite no actions in real life occur at constant velocity, isokinetic testing provides a more natural movement condition due its dynamic nature, whereby a maximal torque.

Key words: Strength, children, muscle size, technology. Introduction Compared to other physiological parameters our understanding of the age and sex associated changes in strength are relatively limited, but development of equipment, and increased understanding of growth and maturation issues, have provided new insights into paediatric strength development.

The purpose of the present study was: first, to find out if the functional knee braces are beneficial in enhancing the force control capacity of the anterior cruciate ligament-deficient (ACLD) patients Through frequency domain analysis, second, to examine the effects of a functional knee brace and two neoprene knee sleeves on the isokinetic and Cited by: 5.

Objectives —There is a paucity of long term studies on exercise training in elderly women. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of one year of progressive resistance exercise (PRE) on dynamic muscular strength and the relations to bone mineral density (BMD) in elderly women.

Methods —Forty four healthy sedentary women (mean age years) volunteered for this study and Cited by:   Although muscle strength is commonly evaluated in the clinic with a hand-held dynamometer using isometric resistance, isokinetic testing is preferred because it involves dynamic muscle performance.

Correlations between muscle strength measured isokinetically and functional movements have been reported in multiple : Frank R. Noyes, Sue Barber-Westin.